- Phase Color
- Long Hair
- Purity in Lomo
- Purity in Panza
- Hair Force
- Coverage veil
- Flexibility Hair
- Hair Guardian
- Width of white on the belly
Features care and handling
- Cleaning and Care
- Special cases
- Absence of clapas or holes
- Finish (completed)
We set out here the main features of the FUR that
make intensive breeding chinchillas quality. Here
you are all that currently are used depending on the
demands of the fur market. The breeder may find
perhaps under different names in other literature
but always refer to the same conditions of animal.
In this prior enunciation characteristics they are
not ordered by importance since this topic clarify
Since the beginning of the activity in the US in the
early twentieth century until today the order of
importance has undergone some changes, but has
always maintained the same essence and the same
goal. As they were certain characteristics are
achieved by the genetic work, priorities were
changing. For example: at the dawn of the activity,
it was vital removed from the wild chinchilla that
aguti or yellowish color which feature color purity
in back was a priority, as well as finding the
density key factor at that time, with the time and
crosses addressed this was achieved in the existing
campuses and step to prioritize greater color tone
and white bellies depending on the consumer market
demanded that the skins have well-marked loins
differences -panzas. Years later breeders found that
for both search color purity size were losing their
fur, which the extra money they could get in terms
of having increased bluish color and they lost by
decreasing the size.
As can be gleaned from the above so far, the goal is
the same, color, size, purity on the back and on the
vessel wall, just that as advances in certain
characteristics were causing deviations in the rest,
the market showed them back on track.
The characteristics of the skins of chinchillas not
permanently maintain the same order of importance,
but, depending on the timing or purpose of the
analysis of these importances, the priority order
may vary. Then we develop a form in which we will
give the order of importance in each case.
1 - Color
2 - Size / Coverage veil
3 - Hair Volume - Density + long
4 - Purity tenderloin
5 - Purity belly
6 - Texture
7 - Conformation
8 - Brightness
9 - silkiness
Order of importance of features when paired.
1 - Color
2 - Size
3 - Hair Volume
4 - Purity on the back
5 - Purity in the belly
6 - Texture
7 - Conformation
8 - Brightness
9 - silkiness
4-Purity on the back
Order of importance in the characteristics
of the skins to get the highest price.
1 - Absence of handling errors. Clapas and stains
2 - Finish or terminated
3 - Maturation
4 - Color
5 - Size and coverage veil
6 - Volume Hair
7 - Purity on the back
8 - Purity in the belly
9 - Texture
Order of importance to the judges during the
A - male and female animals babys,
or under 6 months of age.
1 - Color
2 - Purity on the back
3 - Size
4 - Volume Hair
5 - Purity in the belly
6 - Texture
7 - Conformation
8 - Brightness
9 - silkiness
Handling errors as spots and clapas not allow an
animal to a first prize, but do not criticize much
as in the adult animal because only new exhibitors
can display kits. It is not deemed completed and
maturation, as a sine-qua-non condition, but to
define a sharp classification.
B - Adults Animals
5- Hair Volume
7- belly Purity
Vary the size before color
The original gray chinchilla or Standard can be
divided by color tone at different stages:
Clear/light, medium, medium dark, dark MEDIUM, DARK, DARK
EXTRA BLACK OR STANDARD.
The difference is obviously given by the color tone
of each animal. To understand how the difference is
reflected in the hairs of each animal, it is necessary
to previously understand how each hair is conformed.
Each fiber consists of three parts:
1) BACKGROUND COLOR: It ranges from the birth of the
fiber in the leather until the appearance of the
white band. It's the one that occupies more space throughout
the fiber: 4/5 usually .
2) WHITE BAND: Appears when the background color
finishes, can measure from 2mm to 5mm. The more
narrow, the darker the animal.
3) VEIL OR TIP: It is the last part of the fiber,
which is above, is the one that gives the color tone.
The long background color always remains immovable,
what does vary is the width of the band and veil.
The deeper and wider the veil, the darker the
animal. It´s band will be narrower because it takes away space.
This will be vital in future
classification of animals.
The reader may wonder , why would I need to
look at the bandwidth or the veil to determine how
dark it is an animal, if I can only look at it to
The answer is; the band width or depth of the
veil are needed to classify young chinchillas (animals under six
months of age) who have not yet externalized all its
color, as well as immature animals whose maximum
beauty can not be seen at that time
Why dark skins are preferred?
The chinchilla has been forever the only piliferous
that has that color contrast caused by the dark back
with white belly distinction. This feature is added
to the fact that it is the softer and lightest skin. The
darker the skin the easier to identify its value. The
objective of consumers
of this product are people of the highest economic
status in the world, only people who can pay up to $
80000 for an exquisite garment of chinchillas. They
want the distinction of those who observe the coat,
to know immediately that this is
chinchillas, the most rated garment of all. In addition the
darker the skin, the longer it takes to oxidize or
To determine the importance of the dark skins that
we will produce:
If a skin of chinchillas (where the rest of the
features are of good quality) color is medium dark, its value is u $ 30, instead a light color is
US $ 15,for a medium color US $ 20 and if
it is darker u $ 40, the extra-dark is US $
60 and black standard of $ 74.
Chinchilla Extra Dark, highest quality
Chinchilla Light quality
Size is another key feature for maximum yields.
There is not much to explain, as
its name itself explains everything. Furriers want
great skin because they need less number of skins
for making a garment. They always prefer to pay a
large skin rather than the sum of two small. The more
skins used, the more you will spending confection, and
level at which these great furriers work confection, most cases
will be very costly. In many cases even
superior to the raw material.
For large skins, there will be needed big breeders, they
have to be sacrificed by the time
they have achieved their greatest dimension. This
feature is closely linked to another called "rapid
growth" belonging to the group of characteristics of
the breeders that we will analize later. As a starting
point we will say that animals should be sacrificed
at eleven months old and not before, because as a
rule that is the time when males achieve their
Note to the reader, when talking about size, we are
talk about the animal's body, meaning bone and muscles.
There are situations where small animals with very
long hair give the visual appearance of being larger
than others of a larger body with short hair.
There are many methods to distinct them:
perhaps the simplest is to weigh them both (the
heavier the larger) or measure their hair.
A large animal with short hair will give a big, but
A small animal with long hair will give a thin skin,
but with a good padded of hairs.
A large animal with long hair will give you a big, long
and padded skin.
What is sought is obviously large animals with long
To illustrate the importance of size in the
profitability of the skins we can say that; A skin (where
the rest of the features are good) smallest size can
be worth $ 15, a small size u $ s 20, medium $
s 30, a large u $ s 45 and a very large $ s 70.
Very good size
animal small size animal (rat size)
- Velling Coverage
This feature is closely linked to the previous one (size).
To define it, the covering veil is the surface of
the skin and it is covered with "tip" or "veil" and that
will be more or less depending on how much of the
skin covers the two lateral flanks and head towards
tail. As the greater part is covered by veil, it
will have more value.
In no case it shall cover at the point where it changes
abruptly from dark to white belly (however this is
still far from occurring).
In the field of chinchillas breeders, "covering veil" is an independent feature and has its own uses.
In the furrier environment, "covering veil" is the
size of the skin and for them the size is given by
its useful surface, means that if an extra large
skin, gets cut the veil by the neck area, for them (which
are those who pay) that skin is not large but
inferior because it can only be use up to where the veil
continues evenly and equitably.
This way we can understand common situations that
arise when selling our skins; a large skin with a cut
veil by the neck area, it is going to get paid less than other
smaller in size but with excellent coverage that
reaches the skin's head.
-Long Hair and Density
They are two distinct characteristics but also as in
the previous case, they have acquired a new name in
common in the furrier world. Together the two are
called HAIR VOLUME.
The long hair is the height of each fiber from its
birth to the tip of the veil
or tip. The chinchilla has three different hair
lengths depending on the areas in which we examine,
these places are: a) In the haunches, b) On the
spine c) In the neck.
a) The haunches: this is where the length is always
greater. A player will Longhair in this section when
you have more than 3.2 cm and medium hair if 2.8 cm
to 3.1 cm and short hair, when less than 2.7 cm.
b) The area of the spine: is where the long hair
is always more corto.Aquí player will longhaired if
you have more than 2.5 cm, its length will be medium
if measured between 2.2 cm and 2.4 cm and
shorthaired if less than 2.2 cm.
c) In the neck: long hair be when it exceeds 2.9 cm,
medium when measuring between 2.6 cm and 2.8 cm, and
less than 2.6 cm short hair.
Hair density is given by the number of fibers in a
certain extent, for example, in one square
centimeter. Chinchilla fur may be between eighty and
one hundred twenty fibers per follicle. In all cases
it is a lot of hair, but from one end to another,
there is a 50% more than quantity. The high density
of hair allows the skins do not open or form cracks,
very common in the ready-made garments.
It must be measured throughout the animal's body.
For measurement, formerly breeders blowing in a
particular sector of the animal and if with him,
managed to see the leather easily, it was believed
that the animal was lacking in density; if the blow
is not easily appreciated leather then that animal
was very dense. With the passage of time this system
was falling into disuse because the added feature
long hair and character IMPORTANT, all farms were
raising the same in their reproductores.Esto he was
caused by blowing the hair of the new players are
make difficult to reach the leather. In addition it
was shown that when the animal is immature and has
hair growing, it also becomes impossible to reach
the leather with a single blow.
The current technique, to determine the density of
breeding resides in a persistent practice of
touching the animal hair with one hand (always the
same) and see how much hair protrudes above our
fingers. At first it will be difficult, but
eventually becomes easy, common and practical
As mentioned above, this feature is the sum of the
previous two (LONG HAIR + density). This is what
they look for furriers, they want the skin to be a
cushion of hairs, which conform uniform, firm and
consistent one mass. Allowing women to look after
the garment sit in any chair and getting up the
skins remain in exactly the same way. Free skin
density, will fill wrinkles and cracks that will
remove all the beauty of the garment. Shorthaired
flat skins, seem less warm and smaller size of what
they would mean garment, second quality.
A subcharacteristic Hair Volume is the uniformity
that must have long hair and density throughout the
It is important to make the hair length is as close
as possible in the neck, legs and spine, as well as
with the density. This should not confuse the reader,
because although there is always explained above 3
lengths long hair within a single animal, these
differences will have to be marked at least possible.
Breeders are convinced that in a few years there
will be a single measure for all the animal
Some people believe (wrongly) that because they have
made an animal with a good long hair in the area of
the haunches have achieved their goal; this is
wrong, the search towards long hair should be
uniform throughout the body, because a chinchilla
have a great long hair in the haunches and is short
hair on the neck and on the back we will then a skin
that will be higher in the back (of the medium to
the haunches) than in the front (of the medium
head), and in the center (of the sides to the
center) will hundida.m, medium when measuring
between 2.6 cm and 2.8 cm, and less than 2.6 cm
Nice volume of fur animal
Purity on the back (Color)
So far we have analyzed the group of PRIMORDIAL
characteristics (Phase color, size, density and long
hair). The color purity is always found within this
group since the beginning of the activity. However
with over the years (and breeding) and technological
advances (tanneries) this quality has been losing
skins are sought with a pure gray (bluish), because
the chinchilla fur like the rest of all skin types,
tends to oxidize over time, the use and exposure to
light (natural or artificial). The more blue are the
animals we produce, bluer and better skins will be
paid depending on whether they take longer to
oxidise or avejentarse.
When the furrier refers to color purity is referring
to the skin MUST HAVE A GRAY PURE, THAT IS MISSING
DYE red or AMARRONADOS.El breeder and producer does
not use PURITY color words, but simply says blue ,
brown or reddish, you can also say rusty., it does
so simply to shorten so many words, but always refer
to the same thing.
Why it has lost relative importance in recent years?
Because chinchillas have included tanneries in the
tanning process or king bluish brightener, through
special dyes that significantly improve the
appearance of the skin. It is not dye the skin. but
highlight more whites and blues. If the tanner to
exceed its amounts of brighteners or bluish skin
with a yellow belly could become a belly skin green
(blue + yellow). In good tanneries this never
Summarizing say that the color purity is a
fundamental characteristic but thanks to technical
advances used has stopped giving much importance
because small faults can be repaired purity in
This resulted breeders then to pay more attention to
color and size without also deviate to improve
purity. But be careful reader, we are not saying
here that we must raise brown or reddish animals,
but quite the opposite, but to choose whether to
save as player a very large dark animal with a soft
impurity of color or an extremely animal blue no so
large and dark, you should not hesitate to save the
first. Purity is a double-edged sword, it must be
preserved because it is recessive (unlike the size
and color are cumulative) but do not go crazy
looking for it.
-Purity In the belly (belly color)
The purity back is just explained what "no red dyes,
brownish on the back". The purity in the belly means
that the target it must be snowy, absent yellowish,
gray or brown tints.
We must distinguish the animal genetically presents
a yellowish belly of that which is tainted by errors
of handling or dirt. In the first case to realize
not, simply observe whether there is uniformity of
yellow, as if in some parts is white and other
yellow will be a simple case of dirt. Brown bellies
usually come from some percentage (usually minimal
but hidden) in an undesirable mutation such as
CHARCOAL OR EBONY (see chapter MUTACIONES). The gray
bellies usually come from a sharp cross between
animals coverage veil too, forming the famous "gray
tie", and then loses a lot of dollars in the skins.
It can also come to like the brown of a minimum
percentage of undesirable mutations.
Regarding the skins with "gray tie" with an
extraordinary coverage Velo, a formidable extra-dark
color and an impressive blue deserves special
These animals have three of the most precious
characteristics (color, blue and covering veil) to
have that gray tie cause that at the time of
valuation on a table purchase of skins not even
reach 50% of the value of an acceptable skin . The
lack of contrast LOMO-TUMMY is critical when valuing
However the other side of the coin tells us that all
great breeders around the world have used these
animals as fundamental tools to obfuscate their
rosters. The possibility of transmission to children
that defect is not accurate and can be in continuous
or isolated: only the breeder know how the animal
reproduces after its own experience (through progeny
The key is: be eliminating the breeding anyone who
present the problem and keep those who do not
present although with genetically. Such animals must
be crossed subsequent lines of other schools that
present pure white bellies perfect pedigrees.
So they have made large cabins in the world to move
more quickly toward finding the extraoscuros.
Therefore the breeder should not despair or
discouraged by the appearance of one of these
animals but know that if you want to have a
fundamental tool to advance their farm.
Texture is one of the easiest to explain
characteristics, since it is the true beauty of
For good texture we say that is having the skins
whose pattern of uniformity does not present any
alteration that may unbalance the beauty of it.
Free skin texture is one that has stairs, lack of
drawing (not degrade the perfect color: dark backs,
gray flanks, white belly), maturing lines, etc.
The right texture gives the appearance of a silky
and beautiful skin.
Extremley nice texture and shine
The strength of hair or fibers having the chinchilla
is given by the resistance it has to movements. When
skin lacks strength, hair does not re-accommodate
their natural state but remains desacomodado
according to the movement that we have given.
In view of consumers, the fibers of the fur garments
will be flattened, messy, open, shriveled and
therefore will lose its texture and beauty.
We can say that the strength of hair is not within
the group of the key features, but in the future,
will become increasingly more important, according
to that in realizing the animals with growing long
hair, we will need force majeure hair so that it
Brightness: One of the characteristics of all
chinchilla fur, impossible to match in any other
skin characteristics, however not all of them
possess with equal intensity. By the way differences
can be enormous, and we can until we find totally
For our skins have the desired brightness players
will need to have a background color rather dark,
bluish or cobalt, with a well defined and above all
things snow white band.
What causes the brightness is precisamante the
effect of light on the white reflection of the band
with a dark background color. When the band is gray,
mixed (blended), was-wide White belly
This feature is not as widespread until today,
however it is known with certainty that in the near
future will be one of the great challenges. When the
width of the white belly is wide spread, the
contrast with the rest of the animal becomes more
marked, more beautiful and therefore is better paid.
The width white bellies, has always been a feature
to achieve; however, the high priority the VEIL had
coverage, and search both simultaneously is
impossible, therefore COVERAGE won the dispute. We
say it is impossible to look both at the same time,
because when coverage is achieved (the veil down as
much as possible to the sides and cover the largest
area possible from the tail to the head), the belly
becomes ever closer.
This quality is often confused with HAIR FORCE, and
we must say that while it is not the same, nor is it
so different. The flexibility of hair is the speed
with which the hair returns to its place of origin
after an induced movement. A skin may have hair
strength and no flexibility: the reverse is not
-Hair Guard (king hair)
The guard hairs or King Hair, are the only true
hairs that have the chinchilla fur, since as we have
explained above all other fibers are hundreds of
times thinner than the guard hairs.
Formerly this quality was critical in the order of
priorities, and the explanation was because the hair
guard was thicker and stronger and therefore served
to the fibers to support him and erect remain or
appearance FORCE OF HAIR.
Today the players have a big difference with their
old predecessors and even the poorest today is
stronger than the old ones. The work that has been
developed and managed with the strength of hair has
neglected the need to seek the guard hairs. In
addition they are criticized even today, when a
player has them too much because it gives the
appearance of a small mink instead of our precious
-Characteristics Care and handling.
- Cleaning and care.
This feature should be our skins it is critical to
achieving our goal of maximum profitability, so we
designed an entire chapter to management treatment,
care and cleaning called PURE PRACTICAL CRIADERO.
Here we will explain its importance and analyze
cases .......... continues in the book "Compendium
Updated" Breeding and Marketing of Dr. Fernando
Aleandri chinchilla Edition January 2000.
Updated Compendium fragments extracted Breeding and
Marketing of the chinchilla, Dr. Fernando Aleandri,
3rd edition June 2002.hed or yellow never find the
desired brightness, the same will happen if the
background color is clear in his tone color.
The advancement of the
quality of our Chinchillas after the passage of the
years and the right breeding programs for animal