Natural features

- Phase Color
- Size
- Long Hair
- Purity in Lomo
- Purity in Panza
- texture
- Density
- Hair Force
- Shine
- Coverage veil
- Flexibility Hair
- Hair Guardian
- Width of white on the belly


Features care and handling

- Cleaning and Care
- Special cases
- Absence of clapas or holes
- staking
- Maturation
- Finish (completed)
previous enunciation

We set out here the main features of the FUR that make intensive breeding chinchillas quality. Here you are all that currently are used depending on the demands of the fur market. The breeder may find perhaps under different names in other literature but always refer to the same conditions of animal.

In this prior enunciation characteristics they are not ordered by importance since this topic clarify some points.

Since the beginning of the activity in the US in the early twentieth century until today the order of importance has undergone some changes, but has always maintained the same essence and the same goal. As they were certain characteristics are achieved by the genetic work, priorities were changing. For example: at the dawn of the activity, it was vital removed from the wild chinchilla that aguti or yellowish color which feature color purity in back was a priority, as well as finding the density key factor at that time, with the time and crosses addressed this was achieved in the existing campuses and step to prioritize greater color tone and white bellies depending on the consumer market demanded that the skins have well-marked loins differences -panzas. Years later breeders found that for both search color purity size were losing their fur, which the extra money they could get in terms of having increased bluish color and they lost by decreasing the size.

As can be gleaned from the above so far, the goal is the same, color, size, purity on the back and on the vessel wall, just that as advances in certain characteristics were causing deviations in the rest, the market showed them back on track.

The characteristics of the skins of chinchillas not permanently maintain the same order of importance, but, depending on the timing or purpose of the analysis of these importances, the priority order may vary. Then we develop a form in which we will give the order of importance in each case.

General order

1 - Color
2 - Size / Coverage veil
3 - Hair Volume - Density + long
4 - Purity tenderloin
5 - Purity belly
6 - Texture
7 - Conformation
8 - Brightness
9 - silkiness
Order of importance of features when paired.

In males
1 - Color
2 - Size
3 - Hair Volume
4 - Purity on the back
5 - Purity in the belly
6 - Texture
7 - Conformation
8 - Brightness
9 - silkiness

In females
1-Size
2-Colour
3-Hair Volume
4-Purity on the back
5-Texture
6-Conformation
7-Shine
8-silkiness

Order of importance in the characteristics of the skins to get the highest price.

1 - Absence of handling errors. Clapas and stains
2 - Finish or terminated
3 - Maturation
4 - Color
5 - Size and coverage veil
6 - Volume Hair
7 - Purity on the back
8 - Purity in the belly
9 - Texture
10- silkiness
Brightness 11-

Order of importance to the judges during the Exhibition.

A - male and female animals babys, or under 6 months of age.
1 - Color
2 - Purity on the back
3 - Size
4 - Volume Hair
5 - Purity in the belly
6 - Texture
7 - Conformation
8 - Brightness
9 - silkiness
Handling errors as spots and clapas not allow an animal to a first prize, but do not criticize much as in the adult animal because only new exhibitors can display kits. It is not deemed completed and maturation, as a sine-qua-non condition, but to define a sharp classification.

B - Adults Animals

Males

1-Finished
2-Maturation
3- Color
4- Size
5- Hair Volume
6-Purity
7- belly Purity
8- Texture
9- Conformation
10.Brightness
11- silkiness

Females
Vary the size before color

NATURAL FEATURES

-Phase Color

The original gray chinchilla or Standard can be divided by color tone at different stages:

Clear/light, medium, medium dark, dark MEDIUM, DARK, DARK EXTRA BLACK OR STANDARD.

The difference is obviously given by the color tone of each animal. To understand how the difference is reflected in the hairs of each animal, it is necessary to previously understand how each hair is conformed.

Each fiber consists of three parts:

1) BACKGROUND COLOR: It ranges from the birth of the fiber in the leather until the appearance of the white band. It's the one that occupies more space throughout the fiber: 4/5 usually .

2) WHITE BAND: Appears when the background color finishes, can measure from 2mm to 5mm. The more narrow, the darker the animal.

3) VEIL OR TIP: It is the last part of the fiber, which is above, is the one that gives the color tone.

The long background color always remains immovable, what does vary is the width of the band and veil. The deeper and wider the veil, the darker the animal. It´s band will be narrower because it takes away  space.

This will be vital in future classification of animals.

The reader may wonder , why would I need to look at the bandwidth or the veil to determine how dark it is an animal, if I can only look at it to determine?

The answer is; the band width or depth of the veil are needed to classify young chinchillas (animals under six months of age) who have not yet externalized all its color, as well as immature animals whose maximum beauty can not be seen at that time


 Why dark skins are preferred?

The chinchilla has been forever the only piliferous that has that color contrast caused by the dark back with white belly distinction. This feature is added to the fact that it is the softer and lightest skin. The darker the skin the easier to identify its value. The objective of consumers of this product are people of the highest economic status in the world, only people who can pay up to $ 80000 for an exquisite garment of chinchillas. They want the distinction of those who observe the coat, to know immediately that this is chinchillas, the most rated garment of all. In addition the darker the skin, the longer it takes to oxidize or yellowy.

To determine the importance of the dark skins that we will produce:

If a skin of chinchillas (where the rest of the features are of good quality) color is medium dark, its value is u $ 30, instead a light color is US $ 15,for a medium color US $ 20 and if it is darker u $ 40, the extra-dark is US $ 60 and black standard of $ 74.
 


Chinchilla Extra Dark, highest quality   Chinchilla Light quality
 


-Size

Size is another key feature for maximum yields. There is not much to explain, as its name itself explains everything. Furriers want great skin because they need less number of skins for making a garment. They always prefer to pay a large skin rather than the sum of two small. The more skins used, the more you will spending confection, and at the level at which these great furriers work confection, most cases will be very costly. In many cases even superior to the raw material.

For large skins, there will be needed big breeders, they have to be sacrificed by the time they have achieved their greatest dimension. This feature is closely linked to another called "rapid growth" belonging to the group of characteristics of the breeders that we will analize later. As a starting point we will say that animals should be sacrificed at eleven months old and not before, because as a rule that is the time when males achieve their highest performance.

Note to the reader, when talking about size, we are talk about the animal's body, meaning bone and muscles.

There are situations where small animals with very long hair give the visual appearance of being larger than others of a larger body with short hair.

There are many methods to distinct them: perhaps the simplest is to weigh them both (the heavier the larger) or measure their hair.

A large animal with short hair will give a big, but thin skin.

A small animal with long hair will give a thin skin, but with a good padded of hairs.

A large animal with long hair will give you a big, long and padded skin.

What is sought is obviously large animals with long hair.

To illustrate the importance of size in the profitability of the skins we can say that; A skin (where the rest of the features are good) smallest size can be worth $ 15, a small size u $ s 20, medium  $ s 30, a large u $ s 45 and a very large $ s 70.

 

tanque.jpg (13707 bytes)  1ºestono.jpg (14218 bytes)
Very good size animal                        small size animal (rat size)

                    


- Velling Coverage

This feature is closely linked to the previous one (size). To define it, the covering veil is the surface of the skin and it is covered with "tip" or "veil" and that will be more or less depending on how much of the skin covers the two lateral flanks and head towards the tail. As the greater part is covered by veil, it will have more value.

In no case it shall cover at the point where it changes abruptly from dark to white belly (however this is still far from occurring).

In the field of chinchillas breeders, "covering veil"  is an independent feature and has its own uses.

In the furrier environment, "covering veil" is the size of the skin and for them the size is given by its useful surface, means that if an extra large skin, gets cut the veil by the neck area, for them (which are those who pay) that skin is not large but inferior because it can only be use up to where the veil continues evenly and equitably.

This way we can understand common situations that arise when selling our skins; a large skin with a cut  in the veil by the neck area, it is going to get paid less than other smaller in size but with excellent coverage that reaches the skin's head.
 

 


-Long Hair and Density

They are two distinct characteristics but also as in the previous case, they have acquired a new name in common in the furrier world. Together the two are called HAIR VOLUME.

The long hair is the height of each fiber from its birth to the tip of the veil or tip. The chinchilla has three different hair lengths depending on the areas in which we examine, these places are: a) In the haunches, b) On the spine c) In the neck.

a) The haunches: this is where the length is always greater. A player will Longhair in this section when you have more than 3.2 cm and medium hair if 2.8 cm to 3.1 cm and short hair, when less than 2.7 cm.

b) The area of ​​the spine: is where the long hair is always more corto.Aquí player will longhaired if you have more than 2.5 cm, its length will be medium if measured between 2.2 cm and 2.4 cm and shorthaired if less than 2.2 cm.

c) In the neck: long hair be when it exceeds 2.9 cm, medium when measuring between 2.6 cm and 2.8 cm, and less than 2.6 cm short hair.

-Density

Hair density is given by the number of fibers in a certain extent, for example, in one square centimeter. Chinchilla fur may be between eighty and one hundred twenty fibers per follicle. In all cases it is a lot of hair, but from one end to another, there is a 50% more than quantity. The high density of hair allows the skins do not open or form cracks, very common in the ready-made garments.

It must be measured throughout the animal's body.

For measurement, formerly breeders blowing in a particular sector of the animal and if with him, managed to see the leather easily, it was believed that the animal was lacking in density; if the blow is not easily appreciated leather then that animal was very dense. With the passage of time this system was falling into disuse because the added feature long hair and character IMPORTANT, all farms were raising the same in their reproductores.Esto he was caused by blowing the hair of the new players are make difficult to reach the leather. In addition it was shown that when the animal is immature and has hair growing, it also becomes impossible to reach the leather with a single blow.

The current technique, to determine the density of breeding resides in a persistent practice of touching the animal hair with one hand (always the same) and see how much hair protrudes above our fingers. At first it will be difficult, but eventually becomes easy, common and practical

Hair -volume

As mentioned above, this feature is the sum of the previous two (LONG HAIR + density). This is what they look for furriers, they want the skin to be a cushion of hairs, which conform uniform, firm and consistent one mass. Allowing women to look after the garment sit in any chair and getting up the skins remain in exactly the same way. Free skin density, will fill wrinkles and cracks that will remove all the beauty of the garment. Shorthaired flat skins, seem less warm and smaller size of what they would mean garment, second quality.

A subcharacteristic Hair Volume is the uniformity that must have long hair and density throughout the animal's body.

It is important to make the hair length is as close as possible in the neck, legs and spine, as well as with the density. This should not confuse the reader, because although there is always explained above 3 lengths long hair within a single animal, these differences will have to be marked at least possible. Breeders are convinced that in a few years there will be a single measure for all the animal

Some people believe (wrongly) that because they have made an animal with a good long hair in the area of ​​the haunches have achieved their goal; this is wrong, the search towards long hair should be uniform throughout the body, because a chinchilla have a great long hair in the haunches and is short hair on the neck and on the back we will then a skin that will be higher in the back (of the medium to the haunches) than in the front (of the medium head), and in the center (of the sides to the center) will hundida.m, medium when measuring between 2.6 cm and 2.8 cm, and less than 2.6 cm short hair.

fenmanofdoazul.jpg (45388 bytes)

Nice volume of fur animal


Purity on the back (Color)

So far we have analyzed the group of PRIMORDIAL characteristics (Phase color, size, density and long hair). The color purity is always found within this group since the beginning of the activity. However with over the years (and breeding) and technological advances (tanneries) this quality has been losing relative importance.

skins are sought with a pure gray (bluish), because the chinchilla fur like the rest of all skin types, tends to oxidize over time, the use and exposure to light (natural or artificial). The more blue are the animals we produce, bluer and better skins will be paid depending on whether they take longer to oxidise or avejentarse.

When the furrier refers to color purity is referring to the skin MUST HAVE A GRAY PURE, THAT IS MISSING DYE red or AMARRONADOS.El breeder and producer does not use PURITY color words, but simply says blue , brown or reddish, you can also say rusty., it does so simply to shorten so many words, but always refer to the same thing.

Why it has lost relative importance in recent years? Because chinchillas have included tanneries in the tanning process or king bluish brightener, through special dyes that significantly improve the appearance of the skin. It is not dye the skin. but highlight more whites and blues. If the tanner to exceed its amounts of brighteners or bluish skin with a yellow belly could become a belly skin green (blue + yellow). In good tanneries this never happens.

Summarizing say that the color purity is a fundamental characteristic but thanks to technical advances used has stopped giving much importance because small faults can be repaired purity in tanning.

This resulted breeders then to pay more attention to color and size without also deviate to improve purity. But be careful reader, we are not saying here that we must raise brown or reddish animals, but quite the opposite, but to choose whether to save as player a very large dark animal with a soft impurity of color or an extremely animal blue no so large and dark, you should not hesitate to save the first. Purity is a double-edged sword, it must be preserved because it is recessive (unlike the size and color are cumulative) but do not go crazy looking for it.


-Purity In the belly (belly color)

The purity back is just explained what "no red dyes, brownish on the back". The purity in the belly means that the target it must be snowy, absent yellowish, gray or brown tints.

We must distinguish the animal genetically presents a yellowish belly of that which is tainted by errors of handling or dirt. In the first case to realize not, simply observe whether there is uniformity of yellow, as if in some parts is white and other yellow will be a simple case of dirt. Brown bellies usually come from some percentage (usually minimal but hidden) in an undesirable mutation such as CHARCOAL OR EBONY (see chapter MUTACIONES). The gray bellies usually come from a sharp cross between animals coverage veil too, forming the famous "gray tie", and then loses a lot of dollars in the skins. It can also come to like the brown of a minimum percentage of undesirable mutations.

Regarding the skins with "gray tie" with an extraordinary coverage Velo, a formidable extra-dark color and an impressive blue deserves special treatment.

These animals have three of the most precious characteristics (color, blue and covering veil) to have that gray tie cause that at the time of valuation on a table purchase of skins not even reach 50% of the value of an acceptable skin . The lack of contrast LOMO-TUMMY is critical when valuing the skins.

However the other side of the coin tells us that all great breeders around the world have used these animals as fundamental tools to obfuscate their rosters. The possibility of transmission to children that defect is not accurate and can be in continuous or isolated: only the breeder know how the animal reproduces after its own experience (through progeny testing).

The key is: be eliminating the breeding anyone who present the problem and keep those who do not present although with genetically. Such animals must be crossed subsequent lines of other schools that present pure white bellies perfect pedigrees.

So they have made large cabins in the world to move more quickly toward finding the extraoscuros. Therefore the breeder should not despair or discouraged by the appearance of one of these animals but know that if you want to have a fundamental tool to advance their farm.

-Texture

Texture is one of the easiest to explain characteristics, since it is the true beauty of chinchilla fur.

For good texture we say that is having the skins whose pattern of uniformity does not present any alteration that may unbalance the beauty of it.

Free skin texture is one that has stairs, lack of drawing (not degrade the perfect color: dark backs, gray flanks, white belly), maturing lines, etc.

The right texture gives the appearance of a silky and beautiful skin.

superpiel.jpg (32964 bytes)
Extremley nice texture and shine pelt


Hair -force

The strength of hair or fibers having the chinchilla is given by the resistance it has to movements. When skin lacks strength, hair does not re-accommodate their natural state but remains desacomodado according to the movement that we have given.

In view of consumers, the fibers of the fur garments will be flattened, messy, open, shriveled and therefore will lose its texture and beauty.

We can say that the strength of hair is not within the group of the key features, but in the future, will become increasingly more important, according to that in realizing the animals with growing long hair, we will need force majeure hair so that it remains erect.

-Shine

Brightness: One of the characteristics of all chinchilla fur, impossible to match in any other skin characteristics, however not all of them possess with equal intensity. By the way differences can be enormous, and we can until we find totally opaque skins.

For our skins have the desired brightness players will need to have a background color rather dark, bluish or cobalt, with a well defined and above all things snow white band.

What causes the brightness is precisamante the effect of light on the white reflection of the band with a dark background color. When the band is gray, mixed (blended), was-wide White belly

 This feature is not as widespread until today, however it is known with certainty that in the near future will be one of the great challenges. When the width of the white belly is wide spread, the contrast with the rest of the animal becomes more marked, more beautiful and therefore is better paid.

The width white bellies, has always been a feature to achieve; however, the high priority the VEIL had coverage, and search both simultaneously is impossible, therefore COVERAGE won the dispute. We say it is impossible to look both at the same time, because when coverage is achieved (the veil down as much as possible to the sides and cover the largest area possible from the tail to the head), the belly becomes ever closer.

Hair -Flexibility

This quality is often confused with HAIR FORCE, and we must say that while it is not the same, nor is it so different. The flexibility of hair is the speed with which the hair returns to its place of origin after an induced movement. A skin may have hair strength and no flexibility: the reverse is not possible.

-Hair Guard (king hair)

The guard hairs or King Hair, are the only true hairs that have the chinchilla fur, since as we have explained above all other fibers are hundreds of times thinner than the guard hairs.

Formerly this quality was critical in the order of priorities, and the explanation was because the hair guard was thicker and stronger and therefore served to the fibers to support him and erect remain or appearance FORCE OF HAIR.

Today the players have a big difference with their old predecessors and even the poorest today is stronger than the old ones. The work that has been developed and managed with the strength of hair has neglected the need to seek the guard hairs. In addition they are criticized even today, when a player has them too much because it gives the appearance of a small mink instead of our precious chinchilla.

-Characteristics Care and handling.

- Cleaning and care.

This feature should be our skins it is critical to achieving our goal of maximum profitability, so we designed an entire chapter to management treatment, care and cleaning called PURE PRACTICAL CRIADERO. Here we will explain its importance and analyze cases .......... continues in the book "Compendium Updated" Breeding and Marketing of Dr. Fernando Aleandri chinchilla Edition January 2000.

Updated Compendium fragments extracted Breeding and Marketing of the chinchilla, Dr. Fernando Aleandri, 3rd edition June 2002.hed or yellow never find the desired brightness, the same will happen if the background color is clear in his tone color.


The advancement of the quality of our Chinchillas after the passage of the years and the right breeding programs for animal breeding.

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1) Why chinchilla´s skins have to be top quality to achieve a good price?

Answer: Because only top quality skins are used to make garments complete whole skins, and whole garments only achieve the great prices that exceed u $ s 50,000.

2) What happens if a full covered with skins of poor quality (claritas, chatita, chiquitas, low density without contrast is drawn up?

Answer: Capping looks like or resembles other much cheaper skins, such as vizcacha, rabbit and even otters. And the owner of it has to explain to his friends that is not chinchilla and other kind of cheaper skins.

The two answers can be seen very clearly in the photos presented below
?

 

Pieles de mala calidad, claritas, chiquitas, sin densidad, sin color, sin contraste, se asemejan a otras pieles (vizcacha, conejo, nutria) que siempre pero siempre serán mas baratas que la soberana de las pieles, la chinchilla.

Estas pieles se utilizan para teñir o para trims (recortes
High quality skins "legitimate Dark Blue" (large, dense, dark, contrast, covering veil and lateral to the head, with white bellies and long hair volume); placed in a garment with cutting edge design and the highest sewing, it can be sold in more than u $ s 100,000

 
Mailto: eldorado@chinchilla.com.ar

Calle Venezuela 3956

(1211) Capital Federal
Buenos Aires - República Argentina
Tel/fax: (54-11) 4981-0034

 

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